Woolworth's closed early and the four men returned to campus with empty stomachs and no idea about what they had just started. Ricky Carioti/The Washington Post via Getty Images Franklin McCain, an icon of the civil rights movement and a member of the “Greensboro Four,” a group of college freshmen who sparked the nonviolent sit-in movement of the 1960s throughout the South, died … North Carolina A&T celebrates the A&T Four (or Greensboro Four) this Friday, the 53rd anniversary of their iconic sit-in at Woolworth's, http://www.flickr.com/photos/76587168@N06/ / flickr.com, manbitesdogtheater.org / Manbites Dog Theater, Inclusion Diversity Equity Accountability, International Civil Rights Center & Museum, Fifty Years Later, N.C. Sit-In Site Becomes Museum, A&T Four Celebrated 53 Years After Iconic Sit-in, 50 Years Ago: The 16th Street Baptist Church Bombing, Greater Than Equal: African-American Struggles For School Integration. (2014). Franklin McCain was one of four teenagers who sat down at an all-white lunch counter in Greensboro on February 1, 1960. Franklin McCain was born on January 3, 1941 in Union County, North Carolina. And if I were not so lucky, then I would be going back to my campus, in a pine box." [4], Shortly before his death, McCain was interviewed by his granddaughter who asked him to define freedom. Richmond died of cancer in 1990. McCain died of a respiratory illness Jan. 9, just six days after his 73rd birthday. Franklin McCain's grandson, Franklin III, is the starting cornerback for North Carolina A&T, Franklin Sr.’s alma mater. McCain, along with fellow North Carolina A&T State University students Ezell Blair Jr., Joseph McNeil and David Richmond, staged a sit-in protest at the Woolworth lunch counter in Greensboro, North Carolina, on February 1, 1960 after they were refused service due to the color of their skin. He was one of the four students who inspired an entire generation of young men and women, black and white, to stand-up by sitting down. North Carolina Public Radio - WUNC is created in partnership with: Joseph McNeil (from left), Franklin McCain, Billy Smith and Clarence Henderson sit in protest at the whites-only lunch counter at Woolworth during the second day of peaceful protest, Feb. 2, 1960. He was 73. [8] Martin Luther King Jr. even credited the sit-ins with giving a new energy to the Civil Rights Movement. Franklin McCain in 2010. A Civil Rights pioneer has died. In Contemporary Black Biography (Vol. He grew up in Washington, D.C. but returned to his native North Carolina to attend college at North Carolina Agricultural and Technical State University.McCain and his roommate, David Richmond, had followed the progress of the Montgomery Bus Boycott in Alabama and felt that they should … Franklin McCain in 2010 at a ceremony marking the 50th anniversary of the Greensboro lunch counter sit-in. Retrieved from. McCain, 81, died at his ranch in Arizona after a yearlong battle with brain cancer. Word of the sit-ins spread by newspapers and demonstrations began in Winston-Salem, Durham, Asheville and Wilmington; within 2 months of the initial sit-in, 54 cities in nine different states had movements of their own. He was 73.The cause was respiratory ailments, said his daughter-in-law Lori McCain. His age is variously described in the media as being 71 or 73. The sit-ins successfully brought about the reversal of Woolworth's policy of racial segregation in their southern stores, and increased national sentiment to the fight of African-Americans in the south. When McCain and the others did they were denied. [4] He attended James B. Dudley High School in Greensboro for one year where he initially met his soon-to-be partner in the Greensboro Sit-ins, Ezell Blair Jr.,[5] but moved with his family to Northeast, Washington, D.C..[3][4] McCain graduated from Eastern High School in Washington D.C. in 1959. Franklin McCain, who helped touch off the civil rights movement of the 1960s when he and three other college students sat down at a Woolworth’s lunch counter where they knew they would not be served, died Jan. 9 at a hospital in Greensboro, N.C. McCain's death on Thursday was confirmed by the family. During this time, the four men became extremely close friends. The tension grew but it never turned violent. David Richmond, the fourth member and McCain's freshman college roommate, died in 1990. Find a Grave, database and images (https://www.findagrave.com: accessed ), memorial page for Carrick Enoch Franklin McCain (28 Mar 1877–24 Aug 1943), Find a Grave Memorial no. McCain was married to his wife Bettye Davis McCain, from 1965 until her death in 2013. McCain died of respiratory complications late Thursday, Frank McCain said Friday. Franklin McCain died Friday after a short illness in Greensboro. [1] Their actions were credited with launching the Greensboro sit-ins, a massive protest across state lines involving mostly students who took a stand against discrimination in restaurants and stores by refusing to leave when service was denied to them. Franklin McCain, one of the ... lunch counter in North Carolina and launched a sit-in movement that would soon spread to cities across the nation, has died. McCain compared the men to "Mack trucks" because there was simply no way anyone could move them from their seats. [6] McCain and his three friends devised a plan to sit down at the white only counter in a store, and not to leave until they were served. Their determination to resist Jim Crow laws inspired thousands of peaceful sit-ins and helped to end official segregation in the South. Bilyeu, S. (2010). I grew up in the Deep South in the 1960's. On February 1, 1960 McCain and his classmates walked into the store, purchased some items and then walked over to the segregated counter. Franklin McCain was one of four teenagers who sat down at an all-white lunch counter in … McCain spent more than three decades working as a chemist. 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