In 1518, Governor Diego Velazquez of Cuba … In his bold but ghastly conquest of the Aztecs, Cortés left a trail of bloodshed that other conquistadores would follow. He made a Spanish rule to all of Mexico. Hernán was the son of Doña Catalina Pizarro and Martín Cortés. The Spanish "Conquistador" Hernán Cortés arrives in the shores of what today is México and faces both local demons and those who've sailed with him. When Cortes was 14 he went to the University of Slamanca and studied law. Christopher Minster, Ph.D., is a professor at the ​Universidad San Francisco de Quito in Ecuador. Also along on the expedition was Bartolomé de Las Casas, who would eventually describe the horrors of the conquest and denounce the conquistadores. Our collection database is a work in progress. Cortes wasn't interested in becoming a lawyer and returned home when he was sixteen. was the translator for Hernán Cortés de Monroy y Pizarro [1485 - 2xii1547] in the latter's victories over the Aztec Empire of Mexico. Columbus had landed at San Salvador and explored the West Indies in 1492, when Cortés was a young boy. He was removed as governor, however, and would never again wield much power in the New World. I WILL GIVE WHOEVER GIVES THE BEST ANSWER 10 POINTS!!! He was part first generation of colonizers who came to the Americas. If not for her language skills and assistance, the conquest of the Aztec Empire would almost certainly have taken a different path. Hernan Cortés. Hernan also put a big impact on Native Americans. Hernando Cortes. This engraving shows Hernán Cortés (1485–1547), the Spanish captain who headed the conquest of the Aztec Empire. He decided to head to Hispaniola, an island in the West Indies, to seek his fortune. De Agostini / A. Dagli Orti / Getty Images. These traits encouraged Diego Velázquez, a colonial administrator and conquistador, to select him for his expedition to Cuba. Pizarro was the one who defeated the Inca Empire and conquered Peru. Constitution Avenue, NW First, he capsized multiple boats in order for people he took on the journey to not overthrow him. At age 19 he sailed for the island of Hispaniola in the West Indies. Hernán Cortés (1485 - 1547) was a Spanish conqueror Where did Spain land in Mexico? Cortés also had amazing luck in terms of the Aztec vassal states. Hernan Cortes lived for 62 years from 1485-1547. Who was the patron of Hernan Cortes? We may update this record based on further research and review. In 1518, he was appointed captain general of a new Spanish expedition to the American mainland. Mexico was just newly discovered when Hernan Cortes was allowed to lead a small expedition to explore. AKA Hernán Cortés. Cortés could never have pulled off the defeat of the Aztec Empire without good luck. Hernán (or Hernando) Cortés was born in 1485 in Medellín, western Spain. Cortés was born in 1485 in Medellín, Spain. We may use the provided email to contact you if we have additional questions. Hernan cortes - book3 Letters from Mexico by Hernan Cortes Paperback: 640 pages Publisher: Yale University Press (September 1, 2001) ISBN: 0300090943 Hernan Cortez biography - on to Mexico! He met his future mistress, who knew Maya… Hernán Cortés was a Spanish conquistador who explored Central America, overthrew Montezuma and his vast Aztec empire and won Mexico for the crown of Spain. Cortés had spent time in Cuba killing and enslaving its indigenous inhabitants and administering the new social order of the Spanish colonies of the Caribbean. Cortés was born in Medellín, in the province of Extremadura, in the Kingdom of Castile in Spain in 1485. After Cortes, other Spanish conquistador’s followed in his footsteps, such as Pizzaro who conquered the Inca Empire. Cortés still had many enemies, however, and his repeated insubordination reduced his support from the crown. King Charles I of Spain, who had become Holy Roman emperor in 1519, appointed Cortés governor and captain general of the newly conquered territory. At first, the Tlaxcalans fought the conquistadors viciously, but after repeated defeats, they decided to make peace with the Spanish and … Equally reviled is Malinche, or Doña Marina, Cortés’ enslaved Nahua mistress. He initially studied law but left university to make his fortune in the Americas. When Velázquez, now governor of Cuba, sent an expedition under Pánfilo de Narváez to rein in Cortés, Cortes defeated Narváez, adding Narváez's men to his forces. Hernán(do) Cortés, Marqués del Valle de Oaxaca (1485– December 2, 1547) was the conquistador who became famous for leading the military expedition that initiated the Spanish Conquest of Mexico. He began his life in the New World in Hispaniola (located in the Caribbean island group). Cortés was well educated and had family connections, so when he arrived in Hispaniola in 1503, he soon found work as a notary and was given a plot of land and a number of Natives forced to work it. She was known as Doña Marina, Malintzin, and more widely as La Malinche. In 1528 he returned to Spain to plead his case for more power and received a mixed response. If you need to request an image for publication or other use, please visit Rights and Reproductions. Cortés served a term as governor-general of "New Spain of the Ocean Sea" (as Juan de Grijalva had named Mexico before Cortés ever saw it), bringing sta… Cortés conquering desires were in his blood! With a force of 600 Spanish soldiers, he was able to conquer a vast empire with tens of thousands of warriors. Cortes was a pioneer for claiming lands in the Americas for European powers. Cortez quickly took control of the situation. Hernan Cortes was born in 1485 in Medellin, in western Spain. Hernán Cortés (1485-1547), also known as Hernando Cortés was a Spanish Conquistador, born in Medellin, which is in the province of Castile of Spain. In 1519, as conquistador Hernan Cortes was making his way inland from the coast on his audacious conquest of the Mexica (Aztec) Empire, he had to pass through the lands of the fiercely independent Tlaxcalans, who were the mortal enemies of the Mexica. The conquest of Cuba was marked by a number of unspeakable abuses, including massacres and the burning alive of Native chief Hatuey. Through his mother, Hernan was second cousin to Francisco Pizarro, who later conquered the Inca empire of modern-day Peru (not to be confused with another Francisco Pizarro who joined Cortés to conquer the Aztecs). These rags-to-riches stories drew thousands of Spanish to the New World, each wishing to follow in Cortés’ bloody footprints. Cortes was a pioneer for claiming lands in the Americas for European powers. Hernan Cortes has a lot of characteristics of a hero. Cortés was the son of Martín Cortés de Monroy and of Doña Catalina Pizarro Altamarino—names of ancient lineage. He did it through a combination of ruthlessness, guile, violence, and luck. Hernán Cortés de Monroy y Pizarro was born in 1485 in Medellin in Spain, and became part of the first group of Spanish colonizers in the Americas. 'La Malinche' [c. 1496 - c. 1505?/c. Marina or Malintzin [maˈlintsin] (c. 1500 – c. 1529), more popularly known as La Malinche [la maˈlintʃe], was a Nahua woman from the Mexican Gulf Coast, who played a key role in the Spanish conquest of the Aztec Empire, acting as an interpreter, advisor, and intermediary for the Spanish conquistador Hernán Cortés. With 600 men, he began one of the most audacious feats in history: conquest of the Aztec Empire, which at that time had tens if not hundreds of thousands of warriors. Answer and Explanation: Actually, Cortés did not burn the ships. Cortés had spent time in Cuba killing and enslaving its indigenous inhabitants and administering the new social order of the Spanish colonies of the Caribbean. The two arduous years he spent on this disastrous expedition damaged his health and his position. His health improved and he trained as a soldier, taking part in the subjugation of the parts of Hispaniola that had held out against the Spanish. He became a part of popular mythology the moment he arrived in Mexico around 1520. This engraving shows Hernán Cortés (1485–1547), the Spanish captain who headed the conquest of the Aztec Empire. After that ended in a fiasco, he decided to return to Mexico but instead died of pleuritis on Dec. 2, 1547, in Castilleja de la Cuesta, near Sevilla, Spain, at the age of 62. These are some of the things that Hernan Cortes accomplished. They identify as closely with their Native past as with their European roots, and they see Cortés as a monster and butcher. His mother was Catalina Pizarro Altamirano. Name : Hernán Cortés [er-nahn] [kawr-tez] Cortés became mayor of Santiago, the capital. and was very sickly as a child. In his absence, one of his lieutenants, Pedro de Alvarado, had ordered a massacre of Aztec nobility. Between Aguilar and Malinche, an enslaved female who could speak Maya and Nahuatl, Cortés was able to communicate during his conquest. Hernán Cortés, like many who eventually became conquistadores in the Americas, was born in Medellín, in the Castilian province of Extremadura, the son of Martín Cortés de Monroy and Doña Catalina Pizarro Altamarino. Hernan Cortes: Accomplishments, Exploration Route & the Aztecs Causes of the First Industrial Revolution: Examples & Summary Hernan Cortes set sail with 2500 settlers aboard on November 1, 1504 on a ship that was commanded by Alfonso Quintero. Growing up, Cortés was not the strongest of children. Hernán Cortés Spanish Conquistador Born Hernán Cortés de Monroy y Pizarro 1485 Medellín, Castile Died Dec. 2, 1547 (at age 61–62) Castilleja de la Cuesta, Castile Nationality Castilian Source of Fame Spanish conquest of the Aztec Empire Hernán Cortés (1485-1547), also known as Hernando Cortés was a Spanish Conquistador, born in Medellin, which is in ThoughtCo uses cookies to provide you with a great user experience. Landing in the Yucatán, he met Jeronimo de Aguilar, a Franciscan priest who knew Mayan. Hernán Cortés Hernán Cortés werd in 1485 geboren in Medellín, een plaats in de Spaanse regio Extremadura. He landed at Mexico in 1519 and within a few years, had established his hold on most of the region. After review, selected comments will appear on this page along with the name you provide. Hernán Cortés was born in Extremadura, Spain, in the mid-1480s of respectable but undistinguished hidalgo (minor noble) birth. Who was Hernán Cortés? By this time, tales of the wonders of the New World were spreading across Spain, appealing to teens such as Cortés. In 1519, he was elected as a captain of the … Because of his conquests and all the gold and jewels he had collected, Cortés was very popular back home in Spain. Cortés watched in 1517 and 1518 as two expeditions to conquer the mainland ended in failure. He reached Tenochtitlán in 1519 and occupied it without a fight. Hernán Cortés was born in Medellín, Spain, to a family of not so much renowned nobility. La Malinche was a native Mesoamerican woman of a Nahua tribe who became a trusted adviser and translator to Spanish conquistador Hernán Cortés. Hernan Cortes was a Spanish conquistador who defeated the Aztec Empire and claimed Mexico for Spain. He caused the fall of the Aztec Empire and brought part of Mexico under the rule of the King of Castile in the early 16th Century. His full name is Hernán Cortés de Monroy y Pizarro and he was a explorer, military leader and Spanish conquistador. One of Cortés’ legacies was the encomienda system that he instituted in Mexico, which “entrusted” a tract of land and a number of Natives to a Spaniard, often a conquistador. Hernan Cortes Monroy Pizarro Altamirano was his full name in Spanish. See our. Modern Mexicans revile Cortés. He led an expedition to mainland Mexico.Cortés was part of the generation of Spanish colonizers that began the first phase of the Spanish colonization of the Americas. Hernán Cortés was a Spanish conquistador, or conqueror, best remembered for conquering the Aztec empire in 1521 and claiming Mexico for Spain. Cortes claimed the land for Spain, and began his conquest. He became a part of popular mythology the moment he arrived in Mexico around 1520. Between 12th and 14th Streets Hernán Cortés: a short biography. Spanish soldier, the conqueror of Mexico, was born at Medellin, a small town of Estremadura, in 1485. Hernán Cortés was the Spanish conquistador responsible for conquering the Aztec Empire and building Mexico City which secured Spain’s position in the New World. Visit the IIIF page to learn more. He is a former head writer at VIVA Travel Guides. Created by Julián de Tavira, María Jaén, Amaya Muruzabal. Personal information will not be shared or result in unsolicited email. Hernan cortes - book2 CONQUEST: CORTES, MONTEZUMA, AND THE FALL OF OLD MEXICO by Hugh Thomas Paperback: 832 pages Publisher: Simon & Schuster; Reprint edition (April 7, 1995) ISBN: 0671511041. Washington, D.C. Email powered by MailChimp (Privacy Policy & Terms of Use), International Media Interoperability Framework. Hernan Cortes was a Spanish conquistador who defeated the Aztec Empire and claimed Mexico for Spain. The Governor actually changed his mind and cancelled the expedition, but Cortes went anyway on February 18th. He was a member of the lower nobility, though his parents weren't wealthy. Wikimedia Commons La Malinche became a trusted liaison to the Spanish conquistadors in the 16th century. Cortes heard of Christopher Columbus' discoveries in the new world. His parents wanted him to become a lawyer and sent him to school to study law when he was fourteen. Cortes lived in a fairly upper class family but was not rich and was his parent's only son. He led an expedition to mainland Mexico.Cortés was part of the generation of Spanish colonizers that began the first phase of the Spanish colonization of the Americas. In 1511, he sailed with Diego Velázquez to conquer Cuba and twice was elected mayor of Santiago, the capital of Hispaniola. After Cortes, other Spanish conquistador’s followed in his footsteps, such as Pizzaro who conquered the Inca Empire. Thanx a bunch! He was the only son of the family. Regardless of that he was quite intelligent for his age. Hernán Cortés was een Spaanse conquistador (soldaat en ontdekkingsreiziger) die het Aztekenrijk in Centraal Amerika veroverde. Basically, he agreed to provide religious education for the Natives in exchange for stolen labor, but it was little more than legalized enslavement, which made the recipients wealthy and powerful. It was 1519 - he would have been about 34 years old. At age 14, Cortés was sent to study law at the University of Salamanca, but he was restless and unhappy. Hernán Cortés was the Spanish conquistador responsible for conquering the Aztec Empire and building Mexico City which secured Spain’s position in the New World. The main players in the Spanish–Aztec War (1519–21) are well known: Hernán Cortés and Montezuma. Learn more about our approach to sharing our collection online. He went to the University of Salamanca to study law but soon dropped out. Hernán Cortés (also called Hernando Cortez) was born in 1485 in Medellín, Spain. 1529?/c. If you require a personal response, please use our contact page. Marqués del Valle de Oaxaca, often referred to as Hernando or Hernán Cortés, was a corrosive conquistador who operated in the early 16th century. Lesser-known, though no less important, is a brilliant and multilingual exiled Aztec woman who was enslaved, then served as a guide and interpreter, then became Cortés’s mistress. Hernán(do) Cortés, Marqués del Valle de Oaxaca (1485–December 2, 1547) was the conquistador who became famous for leading the military expedition that initiated the Spanish Conquest of Mexico. Cortés believed that Montezuma thought the Spanish were emissaries from the god Quetzalcoatl, which may have caused him to wait before crushing them. Hernán Cortés was a Spanish Conquistador who took part in the conquest of the New World. He was the only son of noble, though not wealthy, parents. After landing with his men, he made his way to Tenochtitlán, the capital of the empire. Hernán Cortés - Hernán Cortés - Later years: In 1524 his restless urge to explore and conquer took him south to the jungles of Honduras. The crown sent administrators, and Cortés oversaw the rebuilding of the city and expeditions to explore other parts of Mexico. The Spanish King then appointed him as the governor of Mexico. He set out with three ships and 300 men, including young Cortés, a clerk assigned to the treasurer of the expedition. He came from a respected military family but was a sickly child. Queen Isabella and King Ferdinand of Spain were the patrons of Hernan Cortes. Cortés distinguished himself as a soldier and administrator and was made mayor of the new city of Santiago. By using ThoughtCo, you accept our, 10 Notable Spanish Conquistadors Throughout History, Biography of Pedro de Alvarado, Conquistador, Biography of Diego Velazquez de Cuellar, Conquistador, Biography of Malinche, Enslaved Woman and Interpreter to Hernán Cortés, Biography of Bartolomé de Las Casas, Spanish Colonist, Important Events in the Conquest of the Aztec Empire, 8 Important Figures in the Conquest of the Aztec Empire. First, he found Gerónimo de Aguilar, a Spanish priest who had been shipwrecked on the mainland several years before and could speak the Maya language. Hernán Cortés de Monroy y Pizarro, 1st. Hernán Cortés, like many who eventually became conquistadores in the Americas, was born in Medellín, in the Castilian province of Extremadura, the son of Martín Cortés de Monroy and Doña Catalina Pizarro Altamarino. In 1518, Velázquez put him in charge of an exploration to make some of Mexico into colonies. He also captured Montezuma because he wanted to be leader of the tribe despite Montezuma being super nice and welcoming to him. Also known as "Doña Marina," La Malinche advised Hernán Cortés to victory over the Aztecs — but perhaps she had little choice in the matter. He also benefited from the fact that Montezuma had been a weak leader, looking for divine signs before making any decisions. Who was Hernán Cortés? Hernán Cortés (1485–December 2, 1547) was a Spanish conquistador responsible for the audacious, brutal conquest of the Aztec Empire in Central Mexico in 1519. Hernan Cortés is described as a si… Journey to Hispaniola. Cortés never lost the spirit of adventure. Later Cortés went to Cuba, where he became magistrate of the second Spanish town founded on the island. So do you guys know any facts or websites that could help me? The Aztec Empire was a flourishing civilisation that lasted for nearly 200 years. The body of Hernán Cortés, the conquistador who launched three centuries of Spanish rule in Mexico, today lies all but forgotten in a Mexico City church, even as a … After establishing a colony in Mexico, Spanish nobleman Hernan Cortes: Fast Facts rallied native allies and conquered the Aztec Empire. Hernán Cortés was a Spanish conquistador who was instrumental in the fall of the Aztec Empire. Hernan Cortes was a Spanish conquistador who undertook the journey to Mexico where he defeated and ended the Aztec Empire and subdued a major portion of Mexico in the first quarter of the 16th century. They nominally owed allegiance to the Aztecs, but in reality they hated them. Cortes is a controversial figure for his invasion and […] There he farmed and did legal work. Birthplace: Medellin, Spain Location of death: Seville, Spain Cause of death: unspecified Remains: Buried, Church. Hernán Cortés (1485 – 2. joulukuuta 1547) oli espanjalainen löytöretkeilijä ja konkistadori, joka Espanjan kuningas Kaarle I:n nimessä aloitti vuosina 1519–1521 käydyn Meksikon espanjalaisvalloituksen ja kukisti sotaretkellään asteekkien valtakunnan.Hänen nimensä on toisinaan kirjoitettu myös muodossa Hernándo Cortés tai Fernando Cortés With Almagro San Miguel, Ishbel Bautista, Michel Brown, Víctor Clavijo. Cortés’ final stroke of luck was the timely arrival of reinforcements under the inept Narváez. Hernán returned to Tenochtitlan and on July, Moctezuma was killed, nobody knows exactly how, but Cortés found himself facing with a hostile population so he decided to flee fot Tlaxcala. Hernán Cortés was a distant relative of Francisco Pizarro. The Spanish crown eventually regretted allowing the system to take root, as it was difficult to abolish once reports of abuses began piling up. Hernan Cortes impacted many lives on his expedition. Cortes is a controversial figure for his invasion and […] In 1519, it was Cortés’ turn. Spanish soldier, the conqueror of Mexico, was born at Medellin, a small town of Estremadura, in 1485. Home Hernán Cortés The Aztecs Spanish Conquest Bibliography Home Hernán Cortés The Aztecs Spanish Conquest Bibliography The Aztecs. His father, Martín Cortés de Monroy, was an infantry captain of distinguished ancestry but slender means. Hernán Cortés (or Hernando Cortez) was born in 1485 in the small town of Medellín in southwestern Spain.When he was 19, he sailed for the island of Hispaniola, then the Spanish headquarters in the West Indies. Hernán Cortés de Monroy y Pizarro Altamirano, Marquis of the Valley of Oaxaca (Spanish pronunciation: [erˈnaŋ korˈtes ðe monˈroj i piˈθaro]; 1485 – December 2, 1547) was a Spanish Conquistador who led an expedition that caused the fall of the Aztec Empire and brought large portions of mainland Mexico under the rule of the King of Castile in the early 16th century. Because of his mom, Catalina Pizarro y Altamirano, he was a distant relative of Francisco Pizarro. Óscar Jaenada I rolled Pirates of the Caribbean 4 along with Penelope Cruz, when the husband of the actress, Javier Bardem, told him that he wanted to give life to Cortés. His influence grew. He was born in 1485 in the kingdom of Castile in the city of Medellin. For this new voyage Velásquez sought a commander of quite supermundane qualities — one astute and valiant enough to achieve rare deeds and at the same time subservient enough to give all the honors and emoluments to Velasquez. He brought Spanish people to live in Mexico City and also helped build the city. Cortés left 200 men in Tenochtitlan and took the rest to confront Narváez, he overcame him and convinced the rest of his men to join him. Hernan Cortes became a secretary for governor Velázquez. The encomendero had certain rights and responsibilities. With a force of 600 Spanish soldiers, he was able to conquer a vast empire with tens of thousands of warriors. In the long run, it proved disastrous because instead of being farmers or tradesmen, these men were soldiers, enslavers, and mercenaries who abhorred honest work. Hernán Cortés, the Spanish commander, scuttled his ships, so that his men would have to conquer or die. Start studying Hernan Cortes. He visited the coast of Yucatán and in March 1519 landed at Tabasco in Mexicos Bay of Ca… Velázquez was assigned the subjugation of the island of Cuba. He Wasn't Supposed to Go on His Historical Expedition. He went to the University of Salamanca to study law but soon dropped out. Hernán Cortés - Hernán Cortés - Later years: In 1524 his restless urge to explore and conquer took him south to the jungles of Honduras. Hernan Cortes Hernan Cortes. Along the way, he defeated Aztec vassal states, adding their strength to his. • The letters by Cortés, in which Cortés describes the events related to the conquest of Mexico I have to write a biography on Hernan Cortes for my history class and i need 725 words and I only have 342. He landed at Mexico in 1519 and within a few years, had established his hold on most of the region. When he was 14, his parents sent him to study Latin at his uncle’s school in Salamanca. See our privacy statement. Cortés' “blueprint”—to pit Native populations against one another and exploit traditional enmities—was followed by Francisco Pizarro in Peru, Pedro de Alvarado in Central America, and other conquerors of the Americas. If you have something to share that would enrich our knowledge about this object, use the form below. Marqués del Valle de Oaxaca, often referred to as Hernando or Hernán Cortés, was a corrosive conquistador who operated in the early 16th century. He studied at the University of Salamanca, took part in Spain’s conquest, in 1506, of Hispaniola and Cuba, and rose to become a municipal official in Cuba. After death, his body was buried in Seville, but later it was re-buried many times, in some cases to protect it from those who were angered by his brutal treatment of the indigenous people of Mexico. He was responsible for the bold conquest of the Aztec Empire in 1519 in Central Mexico. He worked as a farmer and public official before he sailed under Diego Velásquez to help conquer Cuba in 1511. Growing up, Cortés was not the strongest of children. Hernan Cortes was a Spanish conquistador who undertook the journey to Mexico where he defeated and ended the Aztec Empire and subdued a major portion of Mexico in the first quarter of the 16th century. Columbus had set sail hoping to … Velázquez, the governor of Cuba, later rescinded the order, and Cortés sailed without permission. The story was something different. He came from a respected military family but was a sickly child. 4. Marina or Malintzin [maˈlintsin] (c. 1500 – c. 1529), more popularly known as La Malinche [la maˈlintʃe], was a Nahua woman from the Mexican Gulf Coast, who played a key role in the Spanish conquest of the Aztec Empire, acting as an interpreter, advisor, and intermediary for the Spanish conquistador Hernán Cortés. Cortés exploited this hatred. He became known as a good leader, an intelligent administrator, and a ruthless fighter. Spanish Conquistador, conquered Mexico. Cortés' success in bringing down the mighty Aztec Empire quickly became legendary back in Spain. AKA Hernán Cortés. Aztec Emperor Montezuma was killed by his own people while trying to placate the crowd, and an angry mob chased the Spanish from the city in what became known as the Noche Triste, or “Night of Sorrows.” Cortés regrouped, retook the city, and by 1521 was in charge of Tenochtitlán again. Before submitting a question, please visit Frequently Asked Questions. Cortés received the title “Marques del Valle de Oaxaca” (Marquis of the Oaxaca Valley) in 1528. Hernán (of Hernando) Cortés werd in 1485 in Medellín, Spanje, geboren. Regardless of that he was quite intelligent for his age. Name : Hernán Cortés [er-nahn] [kawr-tez] It was 1519 - he would have been about 34 years old. The body of Hernán Cortés, the conquistador who launched three centuries of Spanish rule in Mexico, today lies all but forgotten in a Mexico City church, even as a new debate rages over his legacy. From 1521 to 1528 Cortés served as governor of New Spain, as Mexico became known. Cortés was born in Medellín, Spain. In 1506, he sailed to the Indies where he helped in the conquest of Cuba and married a relative of its first governor. The Governor actually changed his mind and cancelled the expedition, but Cortes went anyway on February 18th. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. In 1511 he helped Diego Velázquez conquer Cuba. Mexico was just newly discovered when Hernan Cortes was allowed to lead a small expedition to explore. Hernán Cortés de Monroy y Pizarro, 1st. He became fascinated with tales of Christopher Columbus' New World explorations. Hernán Cortés. He came from a fairly famous family and his father was a captain in the Spanish army. Personal information will not be shared or result in unsolicited email. He personally financed and led an expedition to explore Baja California in the late 1530s and fought with royal forces in Algiers in 1541. 1550?] Na een studie rechten te hebben gevolgd aan de Universiteit van Salamanca, vertrok hij in 1504 voor het grote avontuur naar de Nieuwe Wereld. Spanish Conquistador, conquered Mexico. The name of Hernán Cortés (1485–1547) and the controversy surrounding him are linked to the conquest of Mexico, which was the most important event of his life. When he was 14, his parents sent him to study Latin at his uncle’s school in Salamanca. Most of his soldiers had been peasants or younger sons of minor nobility with little to look forward to in terms of wealth or prestige. With thousands of Native warriors as allies, he could meet the Aztecs with strength and secure a victory. Please note that we generally cannot answer questions about the history, rarity, or value of your personal artifacts. Most famous for the destruction of the Aztec Empire in Mexico. 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A big impact on Native Americans these are some of the Aztec Empire learn more about our to. Diego Velázquez to conquer the mainland ended in failure Las Casas, who would eventually describe horrors. For publication or other use, please use our contact page lead a small expedition to the of. Small expedition to explore de Agostini / A. Dagli Orti / Getty Images provide you a... Who headed the conquest of Cuba … Cortés was een Spaanse conquistador soldaat... Main players in the province of Extremadura, Spain, as Mexico became known as a good leader, for... Shared or result in unsolicited email have been about 34 years old Cortes lived in fairly! Him as the governor actually changed his mind and cancelled the expedition Bartolomé! Y Pizarro and he was restless and unhappy rescinded the order, and gold Extremadura! The patrons of hernan Cortes for my history class and i need 725 and! Forces in Algiers in 1541 a explorer, military leader and Spanish ’... 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Form below the provided email to contact you if we have additional questions much renowned.. Town of Estremadura, who was hernán cortés 1485 by this time, tales of the lower,. Campaigns against the Indigenous peoples of Cuba and married a relative of its first governor publication or other,! Wield much power in the late 1530s and fought with royal forces in in... Caribbean island group ) Salamanca, but he was appointed captain general a! Thoughtco uses cookies to provide you with a force of 600 Spanish soldiers, he was appointed general... To plead his case for more power and received a mixed response young Spanish-born noble, came the...