There is also a strong link between habitat loss and the bushmeat trade. Is There Too Much Technology in the Classroom? The EU announced a four-year, two million euro initiative to protect the Cross River Gorilla – the world’s most endangered great ape – and secure the Cross River National Park, while promoting sustainable livelihoods for communities that live... Read the story; View All News study Poaching, disease and habitat destruction remain threats for gorillas, and WWF is working to designate new … The Cross River gorilla, which lives in the mountainous border area of Nigeria and Cameroon, is Africa’s most threatened ape, with a population estimated at fewer than 300 individuals. READ MORE: Top 15 Inspirational Animals Rights Activists Female Mountain Gorilla, photo by Bret Love & … imaginable degree, area of In this lesson, you'll learn about the most endangered gorilla subspecies: the Cross River gorilla. That means the entire population could fit on a 747 jet with room to spare! The Cross River National Park, where some of the gorillas live, contains a rare continuum between all three types of forest. When fruit is available, it is a huge part of the gorillas' diet. All other trademarks and copyrights are the property of their respective owners. A few groups can consist of up to 20 individuals – but this is very rare. The gorilla's habitat is also surrounded by some of the most densely settled human areas in the region, and the human population continues to increase. Habitat loss is the main threat to the cross-river gorillas, the local people inhabiting the habitats of cross-river … Cross River Gorilla. Large areas of primary forest still remain in this region, but some of the gorillas live within small, fairly isolated pockets. credit-by-exam regardless of age or education level. As previously inaccessible forests are opened up by timber companies, commercial hunters gain access to areas where gorilla roam and often use logging vehicles to transport bushmeat to far away markets, as well as sell meat to employees of the logging companies. Due to the size of the body of the Cross River Gorilla, they need large and varied areas of forest to meet their habitat … Cross River gorillas travel around their home range to find food, but when they return to a certain spot, they will reuse the nests they previously built. Services. A report from 1957 implies that there used to be more gorillas here, and this tallies with genetic evidence of a recent … Find out more about specific projects for: Western lowland gorillas; Cross River gorillas; Eastern lowland gorillas; Mountain gorillas Log in here for access. Cross River gorillas live in close proximity to humans with little protected land. Cross River gorillas are scattered in at least 11 groups across the lowland montane forests and rainforests of Cameroon and Nigeria, an area of 3,000 square miles, or … {{courseNav.course.topics.length}} chapters | The Cross River Gorilla (Gorilla gorilla diehli) lives in five small pockets of habitat in an area on the border of Nigeria and Cameroon. They live in tropical and subtropical forests. (13), There are many human settlements in the area, and these are expanding as the population grows. The Cross River gorilla, like many other gorilla species, prefer a dense forest habitat that is uninhabited by humans. It is, therefore, the subspecies that inhabits the most north and west regions of all. {{courseNav.course.mDynamicIntFields.lessonCount}} lessons This gorilla species is not very territorial. Gorillas, when caught as infants, have also been traded as pets. A 2014 study suggests that there are less than 250 mature Cross River Gorillas left in the wild, making them one of the world’s most critically endangered primates. Cross River gorillas are herbivores, and their diet is more seasonal than any other gorilla species. first two years of college and save thousands off your degree. Read about these rare primates before booking a safari to Africa It is a subspecies of the western gorilla (Gorilla gorilla), and it is the most endangered of the gorilla subspecies. (13) There are few records of the historic abundance and distribution of gorillas in this region. English and French are the major foreign languages of the state while Bekwarra, Bette, Ejagham and Efik are major indigenous languages of this state. They live in sub-mountain forests at altitudes from 150 to 1,600 meters above the sea level. Cross River gorillas have an extremely limited geographic range. Mountain gorillas live in Rwanda, Uganda and the Democratic Republic of the Congo, on green, volcanic mountains. Tech and Engineering - Questions & Answers, Health and Medicine - Questions & Answers, Working Scholars® Bringing Tuition-Free College to the Community. Quiz & Worksheet - Practice with Velocity & Acceleration, Quiz & Worksheet - Total Liabilities in Accounting, Strategies for Teaching Music to Middle School Students. The lowland forest is moist, semi-deciduous rainforest. Cross River Gorilla. They are herbivores, which means they only eat plants. A major issue facing this species is that their habitat has been broken up. The continued fragmentation of Cross River Gorilla habitat across a large, complex area, together with the threat from hunting and the small number of gorillas remaining, has led to its critically endangered status. 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They are great animals that do a lot with their families including live … Diet Counselor: Job Duties & Career Requirements, Diet Technician Certification and Degree Program Info, Graduate Programs Related to Diet and Health: Degree Options, Difference Between Food Scientist & Nutritionist, Nutritional Psychology Degrees & Programs, Holistic Animal Care Schools: How to Choose, Physical Trainer: Job Description & Career Requirements, Health Education Certification in Illinois, Holistic Dietitian Degree and Certificate Program Information. It is through this landscape that gorillas must move if they migrate from one group to another, or leave their usual ranges in search of food. In the Cross River region, the forests are tropical and subtropical. Separating the subpopulations also makes them smaller and less stable than if they had their natural range. This type of food is available all year, so it can be a consistent part of their diet. Their diet consists heavily of fruit when it is available, and leaves, stems, and bark the rest of the year. They sty in a family. Why is the Cross River gorilla endangered? They inhabit mountainous rain forests and bamboo forests at altitudes of 1,500 to 3,50… Study.com has thousands of articles about every The continued fragmentation of Cross River Gorilla habitat across a large, complex area, together with the threat from hunting and the small number of gorillas remaining, has led to its critically endangered status. All rights reserved. Due to the Cross River gorilla’s body size they require large and diverse areas of the forest to meet their habitat requirements. Western Lowland Gorillas inhabit the vast western equatorial African forest, which is separated from the Cross River region by the grasslands (particularly on the Obudu plateau) and fragmented forest of the Cameroon highlands, and the dense human population of the lowlands in western Cameroon (9), as well as the Sanaga River. The Cross River gorilla (Gorilla gorilla diehli) occupies approximately 11 primarily highland sites dispersed across a larger forest landscape in Cross River State, Nigeria and Southwest Province, Cameroon. Cross River gorillas are forest dwelling creatures. Western Lowland Gorilla (Gorilla gorilla gorilla). The gorilla specie lives for 30 to 50 years and the gestation period is 8.5 month after which one baby is born weighing between 3-4 ibis. | {{course.flashcardSetCount}} They can be found in lowland areas, but for the most part they stay in higher elevations to avoid contact with humans. This makes it hard for subpopulations to interact, and reduces the chances of breeding and increasing the population. It is separated by about 300 km from the nearest The gorillas can sometimes be found in lowland forests, but they tend to stay at higher altitudes. The animals do not have a lot of space anymore.The cross river gorilla is a great animal and is in need for a new place to stay. Cross River Gorilla (Gorilla gorilla diehli). As a result, groups of Cross River gorillas are spread widely throughout their habitat. The Cross River Gorilla is one of the 25 most endangered primates worldwide. Its capital is Calabar and its name is derived from the Cross River (Oyono), which passes through the state. We’ve made 300 beautiful sweatshirts to represent the 300 Cross River Gorillas left in the world, giving 300 people the chance to join the fight for this species. In fact, despite their small range, the exact food species available to each Cross River gorilla group can be very different. This species is not very territorial, and their home ranges often overlap with other groups, possibly as a result of their limited habitat. Did you know there is a subspecies of gorilla with less than 300 members remaining in the wild? Classified as one of two subspecies of western gorilla (the western lowland gorilla being the other), Cross River gorillas inhabit the lowland montane forests and rainforests of Cameroon and Nigeria, an area of 3,000 square miles (7,770 sq km), on the African continent. HABITAT LOSS. A group of gorillas can have a territory of up to 16 square miles (41 square kilometers), according to National Geographic. Specifically, we're going to take a look at this gorilla's habitat and diet. Cross River is a state in South South Nigeria, bordering Cameroon to the east. This space is called the Cross River basin. Visit the Kingdom Animalia: Study Guide & Review page to learn more. Gorilla gorilla diehli. Quiz & Worksheet - What is Utility Theory? and career path that can help you find the school that's right for you. It is the most western and northern form of gorilla, and is restricted to the forested hills and mountains of the Cameroon-Nigeria border region at the headwaters of the Cross River. credit by exam that is accepted by over 1,500 colleges and universities. The Cross River gorilla is a critically endangered ape whose habitat is limited to a remote section of the border between Nigeria and Cameroon.This gorilla was named for the Cross River, a waterway that traverses both countries. 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In the Cross River region, the forests are tropical and subtropical. And other gorilla facts. Did you know that there are only 11 areas for a cross river gorilla to live right now. A New Hope for the World’s Most Endangered Gorilla. This is because the area where they live changes more with the seasons than other gorilla habitats. Habitat destruction reduces the space and food available to the Cross River gorilla, thus reducing their population. Cross River Gorilla Cross River Gorilla Stories. Where they live: Nigeria and Cameroon. flashcard set{{course.flashcardSetCoun > 1 ? The habitat of the Cross River gorillas includes the mountainous forest between Nigeria and Cameroons. Get access risk-free for 30 days, The cross river gorilla is one among the most critically endangered species in the world which is on the WWF priority species list, with a population of only 200 to 300 left in the wild. Cross River gorillas have the most seasonally differentiated diet of any gorilla subspecies. There are populations in the Afi Mountains in Nigeria, the Mbe Mountains in Cameroon, in the Takamanda National Park in Cameroon, and in the Cross River National Park in Nigeria. (17). Above 700-800m this becomes sub-montane forest, which itself transforms into montane forest above about 1500m. All of the water a Cross River gorilla needs comes from its food. The climate is more strongly seasonal in the Cross River area than that experienced by other gorillas, with a longer, more intense dry season and greater rainfall during the wet season. They are endemic to the Cross River region on the border of Nigeria and Cameroon, in Africa. Gorillas are large creatures, and they require a lot of food. Cross River Gorilla, photo by Julie Langford, CC BY-SA 3.0 Cross River Gorilla Facts. A cross river gorilla habitat is a residing place for him. Rain forests and bamboo forests at altitudes of 1,500 to 3,50… Cross River gorilla is separated by 300... 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