Paige Gill, FKNMS. Elkhorn coral is named for its resemblance to elk antlers. Main Prey Plankton, Fish, Shrimp Distinctive Feature Variety of colours and full of holes for species to hind in Habitat Tropical Oceans Predators Starfish, Marine slugs and snails Diet Omnivore Average Litter Size 1,000s. Pillar coral are now classified as almost extinct since the remaining male and female clusters are too far apart to reproduce. A solitary coral individual is called a corallum ... these are also called rugae ("ruga" is Latin for wrinkled), which gives this group of corals their scientific name (thus, rugose corals are the "wrinkled corals"). Florent's Guide To The Caribbean Reefs - Pillar Coral - Dendrogyra cylindrus - Stony Corals - - Stony Corals - Caribbean, Bahamas, Florida - Pillar coral possesses one of the most distinct morphologies of any coral species, with colonies forming several large spires that may reach 2 metres in height. Each polyp is a sac-like animal typically only a few millimeters in diameter and a few centimeters in height. Pillar coral Distribution / Background Psammocora Coral Information: The Green Stony Pillar Coral Psammocora contigua was described by Esper in 1797. Commonly known as Pillar Coral, colonies of this species are found in flat, sheltered locations ranging from the southern tip of Florida down to the coast of Venezuela. Some common names they are known for are Dark Green Contigua and Branched Sandpaper Coral, and Pillar Coral. Pillar coral Dendrogyra cylindrus Ehrenberg, 1834 Description: Colonies form numerous, heavy, cylindrical spires, that grow upwards from an encrusting base mass. Coral Location: Ocean. Elkhorn coral colonies are incredibly fast growing with an average growth rate of 5 to 10 centimetres (2.0 to 3.9 in) per year and can eventually grow up to 3.7 metres (12 ft) in diameter. A popular choice as a home for lobsters, parrot-fish, snappers and other reef fish. A coral "group" is a colony of myriad genetically identical polyps. Like its name suggests, staghorn coral is a species of coral that looks a bit like the antlers of a male deer. The septa radiate outwards from a central pillar-like structure called the columella. The scientific name of Pillar coral is Dendrogyra cylindricus. Black coral : Millepora spp. The Clubbed Finger coral also goes by the name of Cat’s Paw coral. It can be found in the eastern parts of Africa, Madagascar up to the Red Sea. Pillar coral is a hard coral in the shape of a pillar. The coral is known to have a speedy rate of growing. Scientific Name Anthozoa Coral Conservation Status: Near Threatened. Coral Facts. This coral is a member to the Animalia Kingdom, and the phylum Cnidaria(Colenterata). Soft Corals continued in Coral Identification: Types Of Coral (Part 1) common name scientific name; Black coral : Acropara spp. It is a coral species with varying locations. 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