The colonists did, they were fighting for their country, their people, their land. The American soldiers were named Patriots. ... On July 3, 1775, newly appointed Continental Army commander in chief General George Washington arrived to oversee the Siege of Boston. The result was a British army in excellent health and spirits. The redcoats offered freedom to slaves to lure them to their side, and an estimated 30,000 slaves fled to the redcoats when that latter invaded Virginia in 1781. *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. The colonists hated them. The Redcoats Are in a Holding Pattern Over La Guardia ... the Continental Congress created a unified Army out of the revolutionary forces encamped around … After a brief scuffle the redcoats began to retreat to Boston, but the return suddenly became a much larger battle when 3,000 to 4,000 minutemen arrived. Why the disparity? That was five or six years more experience than the young men and husbands who answered the call to serve in Washington’s Continental Army. The Continental Army were short of supplies that were of bare need such as a shortage on weapons and food. Food, provisions, experience, etc. 2004) pp 381-438, McCullough, David  1776. In so doing, the redcoats were taking jobs needed by the colonists. Two armies took the place of battlefields during the Revolutionary War and they were the Patriots or the Continental Army and the British Army or the British Redcoats. Throughout New York City open sewers, poor water, and disregard to recommended health procedures by many regular and militia officers to led to rampant outbreaks of pox, malaria and other diseases related to poor sanitary conditions. The importance of non-government organisations 5.) The Continental Congress adopted this "Stars and Stripes" as its official flag on June 14, 1777. If you were to ask someone on the street what was the ordinary British soldier was like during King George’s time, he or she might  say something like: dregs, scoundrels, scum from the streets of London, debtors, drunks, common criminals or sweepings from the slums of Liverpool, men who were subjected to the lash for the simplest offense under draconian laws and who were repeatedly beaten and brainwashed until they became disciplinary machines incapable of anything but following orders. In the United States, "Redcoat" is associated in cultural memory with the British soldiers who fought against the colonists during the American Revolutionary War: the Library of Congress possesses several examples of the uniforms the British Army used during this timeMost soldiers that fought the colonists wore the red coat though the Hessian mercenaries and some locally recruited loyalist units had blue or green clothing. All you need to do is fill out a short form and submit an order. Hundreds of Great Books on the American Revolution. During the 1700s the dyes used to make uniforms would fade fairly quickly. During the month of May, the Second Continental … 2 (Apr. At Kips Bay, New York, members of Colonel Douglas’ Connecticut Militia had been plowing fields or were working in their father’s retail business just two weeks prior to being the target of one of the fiercest bombardments of the entire war. In Huntington’s Regiment alone, 180 men (two thirds of the unit) were too sick for duty. The truth of who the rank-and-file English regulars were is something a far cry different from the picture just painted. Military orders, troops, and supplies sometimes took months to reach their destinations. The answer is simple: sanitation. 1977  Hippocrene, New York. The average American was in his early twenties, many far younger. The “Continental Army” was formed of regiments that were provided by the 13 colonies and a couple of regiments formed in Canada (like Hazen’s). Weapons used against both armies included cannons and fixed bayonets with muskets. These armies frequently fought against each other during the Revolutionary War. In case you can’t find a sample example, our professional writers are ready to help you with writing Redcoats & Revolutionaries is a Living History and Historical Re-Enactment group based in the East Midlands of the UK. The war took place in 1775-1783 on the eastern side of North America. Just before dawn on April 19, 1775, church bells rang to sound the alarm of the approaching British Redcoats. Five days later, on August 27, the Redcoats marched against the Patriot position at Brooklyn Heights, overcoming the Americans at Gowanus Pass and then outflanking the entire Continental Army. However none of these examples con… There would have been less deaths if the armies were more tactical about where they were going, it’s as if they were just walking into a death trap. When the British and the American soldier faced each other over the farmlands of western Long Island on August 27th, 1776 in the largest land engagement of the entire Revolutionary War, the British regular was far better trained, better disciplined, better paid and had far better weapons and equipment than the American patriot. The length of service for both armies lasted from 1775- 1783 until America regained its independence and Great Britain wasn’t their mother country anymore. The British had an extremely difficult objective. The cannons were major in the battlefields if either army wanted to wipe out a group of people and the bayonets for protection from horsemen. Army life was a new experience for these part time militiamen who drilled only twice a year. Feb 20, 2016 - Combat between British Redcoats and American Continental soldiers The British fought a war far from home. The most incendiary was the so-called "Boston Massacre" of March 5, 1770. The Redcoats chose to abandon the capital they’d fought so hard to win the previous year because they feared a French naval blockade would trap them there (Philadelphia is an inland port). They lacked an abundance of deficiencies in clothing, food, ammunition, discipline, and weapons. Along with farmers, unskilled laborers and traders, there were artisans like tinsmiths, blacksmiths, coopers, joiners, stone masons, plasterers, sawyers, along with retailers like hatters, bakers, tailors, gunsmiths, and shoemakers; the ranks included domestics like postilions, butlers, cooks, scullery and journeymen (who worked for wages) like draymen, wagoners, bricklayers, caulkers and rope makers, and the list goes on and on. Accounts of the time usually refer to British soldiers as "Regulars" or "the King's men", ho… Throw in the opportunity of travel, adventure and the glory attributed to serving one’s country, and the average British soldier was very similar to his American counterpart. By continuing we’ll assume you’re on board with our cookie policy, The input space is limited by 250 symbols. (2018, Feb 18). The Continental army was always short of men. The Journal of Military History, Vol. To get a better understanding of the events of the Revolutionary War, it is helpful to evaluate the strategies of the Continental army and the British army in the war and how they both planned to win.. For Further Reading on American and British Troops of the American Revolution, Check out these Free Previews and Books on Amazon. Retrieved from https://graduateway.com/continental-army-vs-british-redcoats-profile-two-armies/, This is just a sample. Two armies took the place of battlefields during the Revolutionary War and they were the Patriots or the Continental Army and the British Army or the British Redcoats. Guns and gunpowder were so scarce that Benjamin Franklin Continental Army Vs British Redcoats: A Profile Of Two Armies. They had the bayonets and cannons and everything set. Also of Interest on Revolutionary War Journal, British Army Command & Structure in the American Revolution – Grenadier & Light Infantry Battalions, General Mordecai Gist and the Maryland Line: Macaronis Who Were Among the Best in the Continental Army, British Army Uniforms during the American Revolutionary War, A Drunken, Canting, Lying, Hypocritical Rabble: The Continental Army of The American Revolutionary War, Becker, Ann M., Smallpox in Washington’s Army:  Strategic Implementatons of the Disease during the American Revolutionary War. Beyond weapons and equipment, major factors were the experience and average age of the two armies. The British however had everything that they needed. Redcoats Fall to the Continental Army 0 of 28 min 4. As to washing: if you could step back in time and walk among the stench of a rebel regimental camp, you would have your answer. The Redcoats were there just because they were paid to be there and fight. They had it all. on Amazon.com. Spain and French helped out so it was really a much great appreciation to them for helping for the supplies that were in dire need. You can get your custom paper from Orders  from the Commander in Chief were followed by the highest officers on down to the lowly private; there were no exceptions. Essay, Use multiple resourses when assembling your essay, Get help form professional writers when not sure you can do it yourself, Use Plagiarism Checker to double check your essay, Do not copy and paste free to download essays. ... a quick battle, three Redcoats and two minutemen were killed. However, the British just fought to regain control. The Continental Army suffered from lack of experience. Foreign Aid Enables Continental Army To Defeat Redcoats. our expert writers, Hi, my name is Jenn I was unable to recover the other two tributes unfortunately. African Americans in the Revolutionary War, David McCullough’s #1 National Bestseller. The British soldiers turned back toward Boston. Compare that to the British camp, where army life and discipline fell naturally to a strict enforcement of proper sanitation conditions in every soldier’s daily routine. There had been instances of red military clothing pre-dating its general adoption by the New Model Army. At Edgehill, the first battle of the Civil War, the King's people had worn red coats, as had at least two Parliamentary regiments". An intimate view of the American Revolution that reinforces its meaning for today! The Gentlemen Pensioners of James I (now the Gentlemen-at-Arms) had worn red with yellow feathers. If you need this or any other sample, we can send it to you via email. But when facing a mass of well-disciplined redcoats, they were likely to turn and run. We use cookies to give you the best experience possible. On the other hand, the Americans had many intangible advantages. The Mexican-American War of 1846–1848 0 of 28 min 6. The Redcoats didn't know where the bullets were coming from and didn't know how to defend themselves against the hidden soldiers. It started because King George III Redcoats and Rebels is a rich history of the Revolutionary War seen through the vantage point of the British Empire and its army, as well as those loyalists whom … The army was plagued by shortages. In this, the first book of the Wolfbane saga, set in the darkest days of the Dark Ages, the life of a young Saxon noble is thrown into turmoil when his family stand in the way of the ambitious brothers Hengest and Horsa. Although we often see pictures of the British in bright red coats, it is likely that the actual coats worn by soldiers had faded to a pinkish brown color. Continental Army: The army that George Washington commanded during the American Revolution was known as the Continental Army. The redcoats were paid about two cents a day. Continental and British soldiers. And during the war a quarter of the slaves in South Carolina and Georgia ran away. Welcome to Red Coats, Inc. and thank you for visiting our website. Australia and its foreign aid links 2.) 2005  Simon & Schuster, New York, NY, Rogers, H.C.B., The British Army of the 18th Century. “Sickness prevails greatly in camp,” wrote regimental surgeon Albigence Waldo, adding that conditions were worse in other camps. To supplement their income they worked for farmers and storeowners. In addition, the redcoats were healthy. 68, No. "Continental versus Redcoat" is an Osprey Combat Series book, authored by David Bonk, with illustrations by Johnny Shumate. The major difference between a British soldier to a patriot is that the patriots during the American Revolution fought to gain freedom from the British because of their love for their country and heritage. 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From America’s Greatest Historians, the dramatic stories of men who made the Revolution, #1 Bestseller on Amazon: Alexander Hamilton’s Incredible Life: including new insight on the famous duel with Burr, A gripping portrait of Washington from the author of Alexander Hamilton, The Untold story of American Prisoners During the Revolutionary War, The Exciting Story of America’s First Spy Ring: Now the Exciting Series: Turn, The fight for the Hudson River Valley that would determine the outcome of the Revolutionary War, Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window), Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window), 50+ Great Books In African American Studies, Over 100 Great Books on the American Revolution, British and American soldiers during the American Revolutionary War, British compared to American armies in the Revolutionary War, Camp life during the American Revolutionary War, History of American & British armies during the Revolutionary War, Uniforms in the American Revolutionary War. Compare that to the British, who had only a fraction of their regulars in the large hospital tents and barns on Staten Island, which was the British main camp during the New York campaign. At the time the first volley of musket belched over cornfield and cannon ball ripped the Brooklyn sod, nearly half of Washington’s army was on the inactive or sick list. Therefore, General Washington soon motivated a “protracted war” in which he allowed his weak army to combat Britain’s powerful forces through the training of retreats, defensive maneuvers, and surprise attacks. Andrew Jackson and the War of 1812 0 of 28 min 5. The Redcoats pour over the redoubt’s ramparts and grapple with the Americans using bayonets and clubbed muskets. Our aim is to recreate aspects of the American War of Independence from both British and American perspectives. Introduction The British Army and the Continental Army had similarities and differences but they were both powerful armies that fought each other during the Revolutionary War. Most of these men were not liquored up and pressed into service, to wake up in the morning in camp, committed in life and duty to their King, but had rather been recruited, drawn by the promise of better food, clothing and a small, guaranteed salary, which many sent home to wives and families. Chose from the Above Menu & Browse through the Best Non-fiction, Novels, Biographies, & Youth Books Available. The Continental Congress, The Declaration of Independence, The Article of Confederation, The United States Constitution, and The Bill of Rights. Get Your Custom Essay on, Continental Army Vs British Redcoats: A Profile Of Two Armies, By clicking “Write my paper”, you agree to our, Continental Army and how it was supplied with both men and equipment, Questions on the New Model Army and the Battle of Naseby, Compare and Contrast of the Army and the Marines Corps, https://graduateway.com/continental-army-vs-british-redcoats-profile-two-armies/, Get your custom The uniforms of the Yeoman of the Guard (formed 1485) and the Yeomen Warders (also formed 1485) have traditionally been in Tudor red and gold. Though the dregs of society and ‘sweepings of the city streets’ were found in quantities in every British regiment, the vast majority of the ministry were young men from rural England. Shades of Liberty Series. It has been said that around 10,000 blacks fought on the side of the redcoats. In sweltering heat, the Continentals fought the Redcoats to a draw at Monmouth in a … It is an extremely readable comparison of the two armies in the Revolutionary War, especially in the changing nature of their battlefield confrontations. Before the arrival of Washington’s army, most New Yorkers bought bottled water from New Jersey, Westchester County, and Long Island, rather than rely on their wells. Many British died and that night they made their return to Boston. The types of foreign aid 3.) Action & Adventure Novels. The redcoats were there just to fight, they had no personal stake in the Revolution. The Spanish and the French mostly provided them supplies but it was still very difficult for them since of inexperience. It seemed as if the British were going to win this war. However, thanks to ships on loan from France and new vessels constructed in the colonies, the Continental Navy peaked in numbers in 1777 with 31 vessels to its name. In historical book Redcoats and Rebels, Christopher Hibbert takes a well-known story of the American Revolution, which is mostly told as a heroic story from the American perspective, and retells it from a perspective of British loyalists incorporating a lot of information from various sources. Both armies lost tons of people but America finally got the victory. Activities. Along the 16 mile journey, more Patriots, Redcoats and Spies (1) (American Revolutionary War Adventures) [Skead, Robert J., Skead, Robert A.] The roles of government organisations 4.) At the time the first volley of musket belched over cornfield and cannon ball ripped the Brooklyn sod, nearly half of Washington’s army was on the inactive or sick list. General George Washington never had more than 20,000 troops at one time and place. your own paper. The British regular, whose average age was late twenties,  had already served five or six years in the army by the time he shipped out to the American Colonies. So the colonists had a lot more to lose than the redcoats. As quoted in the London Chronicle, “Every soldier is obliged to put on a clean shirt twice, perhaps three times a week…and there are a certain number of officers appointed every day to see that each man washes his own linen, if he had not a woman to do it for him.” In the American army, many young men who grabbed their muskets in answer to their militia’s call had only one change of clothing for the entire season, some for the entire year. The armies both didn’t have good strategies or tactics. Opening Volleys of the Civil War: 1861–1862 0 of 30 min 7. Take a ten question quiz about this page. On that day, a single sentry was on duty at the Customs House on King Street, present-day State Street. They were unaccustomed to the rugged American frontier with its dark forests, cold climate, and hostile Indians. Over time, sanitation, equipment, and discipline improved, and the Continental Army eventually mustered the skills and means to stand toe to toe with the then-finest fighting force on earth. A tribute to those fine British in scarlet. Incidents between citizen and soldier were frequent. The Continental Army and the British Redcoats are different in a variety of ways. "You must agree to out terms of services and privacy policy", Don't use plagiarized sources. Foreign Aid “Australia in Its Regional and Global Context” By Alara Berisha Table of Contents: 1.) The Continental Army was formed by the Second Continental Congress after the outbreak of the American Revolutionary War by the former British colonies that later became the United States of America.Established by a resolution of the Congress on June 14, 1775, it was created to coordinate the military efforts of the Thirteen Colonies in their ultimately successful revolt against British rule. Both armies would march up to each other and shoot as well as the cannons set behind them from opposing sides and an infantryman controlling them.Therefore, the battlefield were complete slaughters. Welcome to Red Coats, Inc. Shades of Liberty is the exciting new action-packed series that chronicles African Americans who fought in the American Revolutionary War. Sorry, but copying text is forbidden on this website. The Continentals consisted of the "Americans", or rebels, who wanted to be independent of British rule. When Washington first accepted the position as Supreme Commander of all forces assembled to counter British aggression, he was appalled by the squalor and noxious fumes that greeted him as he arrived outside of Boston to review the troops and their camps. But in the mean time, several disheartening American defeats would be suffered as the difference between these two adversaries slowly diminished. 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